Asia Guide - Borneo

In Southeast Asia lies the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia. It is internationally known as Borneo and Kalimantan by Indonesians. It homes one of the oldest rainforests in the world and is home to the Borneon Orang Utans. It has 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 species of trees with 267 species being dipterocarps, 221 species of terrestial mammals and 420 sepcies of resident birds. The island is divided among three countries that are Malaysia at 26% (Sarawak and Sabah combines) and Brunei at 1% in the Northern regions, and Indonesia in the south by approximately 73%.

Borneo itself is home to 19.8 million inhabitants and counting. Its population consists mainly of Dayak ethnic groups, Malay, Banjar, Orang Ulu, Chinese and Kadazan-Dusun. (69.5% Indonesian, 28.1% East Malaysians, 2.1% Bruneians)

There is also a Malaysian federal Territory of Labuan which is situated on a small island just off the coast of Borneo.


Map of Borneo Island

Borneo promises an adventure around every corner. As it has plenty of places to visit.

Today Borneo is a totally unique travel destination; travel in Borneo is like travelling in no other destination on earth. Home to a truly staggering abundance of flora and fauna that can be found nowhere else, Borneo is also a culturally rich island, with visitors easily gaining access and insight into the islands tribal past and present day heritage.

 

Where to start when travelling in Borneo?

There are many places to start in Borneo, especially Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, or Kalimantan. So we shall first start with Sarawak.

 

Sarawak

Welcome to the land of the hornbills! Sarawak is located at the northwest of Borneo, also known as the Land of the Hornbills, is one of the two Malaysian states that is located on the island of Borneo. With it's beautiful blue skies and tropical breezes you can bathe in the sandy beaches and palm-fringed state of Sarawak. Tropical showers cool the land with heavier rainfalls during the monsoon months from November to March. We hope you enjoy your stay in our vast wild home. It's capital is Kuching city and is the economic centre of the state and the seat of the sarawak state government. The other cities and towns are Miri, Sibu, Bintulu and so on. It has a total population of 2,636,000 and counting. The state exhibits notable diversity in ethnicity, culture, and language.

Most of the people of Sarawak are sedentary farmers who live in communal longhouses and practice swidden rice agriculture. This state has the most diverse ethnic groups with a very distinct culture, language and lifestyle. A variety of religion with 45 different languages and dialects runs this town. In spite of these  differences, the locals epitomise peace, harmony and unity.

Iban is the largest population thus making its language the most widely used in Sarawak. Chinese society comes in second. Although Sarawak is part of Malaysia, the Malay population only falls in third. The Orang Ulu is well known for their intricate beadwork and detailed tattoos. Bidayuh people are famous for their hospitality and warm smiles. The Melanau are fearless sailors and skilled fishermen while the Penan, on the other hand, are shy and elusive. The Penans are the last true nomadic people of Sarawak. The population consists of Ibans (30%), Chinese (24.4%), Malays (24.2%), Bidayuh (8.4%), Melanau (6.7%), Orang Ulu (5.4%), Indians (0.3%) and others at (0.3%) (*Note: Results may differ due to population increasing)

Sarawak's rainforest are some of the most diverse and protected ecosystems in the world today. Rich abundant wildlife is what attracts visitors from around the world. This place is for animal lovers.

Enjoy the different types of culture these races provide and celebrate and experience the festivals that this various culture celebrate together such as Gawai Festival (Harvest Festival), Chinese New Year, Hari Raya Aidilfitri and many more.

For our entertainment, we have are Borneo Jazz Festival, Rainforest World Music Festival and Kaul Festival. Next are weaving where tribal communities weave palm, rattan, tree barks, bamboo and various other plants gathered from the forests into works of art. Beadworks are made by the Orang Ulu ladies who are the artisans of this fine craft as they make ceramic beads for their traditional costumes as well as for their traditional costumes as well as for trading. Pottery are where the Chinese are much sought after for their porcelain wares around the world. Family run pottery kilns produce beautiful and uniquely handcrafted decorative and functional earthenware.

Map of Sarawak

 

Sarawak is divided into 12 divisions:-

  1. Kuching (Capital of Sarawak)
  2. Miri
  3. Sibu
  4. Bintulu
  5. Kapit
  6. Sarikei
  7. Betong
  8. Mukah
  9. Samarahan
  10. Serian
  11. Limbang
  12. Sri Aman

Each divisions has its own subdistrict.

Assuming that you want to start travelling with Borneo, assuming that you want to start with Sarawak. We shall start with Miri, where our company is located at.

Miri

Located at the Northeastern side of Sarawak and near the borders of Brunei of the island Borneo. Miri was founded when the Royal Dutch Shell discovered the first oil well in 1911, this discovery led a rapid development of the town, the preserved first oil well is on top of Canada Hill near the Petroleum Museum. We have is the Coastal City known as Miri or also known as the Resort City.


Miri is the second largest city in Sarawak with a total population of 234, 541 (2010 population statistics) and counting. Indigenous people form the largest ethnic group in the city (143,736, 61.3%) which consists of Iban (61,273), Malay (46,723), Melanau (8,313), Bidayuh (3,308), and other indigenous tribes (24,119). This is followed by Chinese (75,329, 32.1%), Indians (980, 0.43%), and non-Malaysians (13,362, 5.7%). The locals here including the younger generations mainly speaks English, Mandarin or Malay, so it isn't hard to get around. However,the indigenous groups speak languages such as Berawan, Bruneian/Kedayan, Miriek, Iban, Bidayuh, Kayan, Kenyah, and Kelabit languages. Meanwhile, the Chinese would speak Mandarin, Hakka Chinese, Cantonese, Teochew dialect, Hainanese, and Fuzhou dialect.

Enjoy the attractions Miri provide you with places such as Gunung Mulu, Gua Niah and Lambir Hills.

 

Mulu National Park

Deer Cave

Gunung Mulu is located Southeast of Miri close to the borders of Brunei. To get there, one must go there by air, which is wholly owned subsidiary of Malaysian Airline Services. As it is impossible to get there by land unless you want to go there by foot, through the 'Headhunter's trail'.

Enjoy the morning walks and make your way to the Melinau River in a traditional longboat to visit the biggest caves in the World. You would visit Cave of the Winds, Clearwater Cave, Lagang Cave, Deer Cave, and Lang Cave.

Later, enjoy trekking through the Garden of Eden Valley Walk to the Paku Waterfall which is an easy half-day walk away from the caves where you can relax, swim and have picnic. Furthermore, enjoy the trek in the tropical forest with a longboat to Long Langsat where the streams are clear as they tumble down narrow valleys. Then conquer the 2,377 metres Mulu Summit via a 24km steep climb through conifers, stunning rhododendrons, and pitcher plants.

Walk through the 480 metre long Mulu Canopy Skywalk which is the world's longest tree based canopy walk as it takes you up into the towering trees where the forest pulses with life as you sway gently over the tranquil river 20 metres below and around you is a sunlit world or fragrant flowers., beautiful ferns, monkeys, squirrels and birds. However this is only for guided tours only.

Mulu is remote and isolated. Although we wouldn’t want it any other way, it does surprise some visitors that they just can’t pop down the shop and pick up something they forgot to bring along for their trek.
That means: NO banks, NO chemist, hardly any roads and not many options.

Things you must consider to pack:
Trekking Shoes

  • Raincoat
  • Torchlight
  • Waterbottle
  • Insect repellent
  • 1st aid kit
  • Hat
  • Cash (RM)

Clearwater Cave

Mulu's Canopy Skywalk

Activities in Mulu

Canopy Skywalk

DURATION:

2 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

7:00 am, 8:30 am, 10:00 am, 10:30am, 1:00 pm & 2:00 pm

Tour Program

The Mulu Skywalk, the world's longest tree based canopy walk opens your personal pathway to discovery. This 480 metre walkway, suspended 20 metres above the forest floor winds among the lush tree tops with tranquil river views below and the soaring heights of the nearby limestone cliffs above.

The group sizes are limited to 8.

As you walk among the ferns and vines enjoy this unique opportunity to get closer to the rainforest 'web of life'. Compare the vegetation of riverine forest floor to the understory, the treetops and the nearby limestone cliffs.

Return transfers from Mulu Marriott Resort to Mulu National Park HQ

Night Walk

DURATION:

2 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

7:00 pm & 7:30 pm

Tour Program

Immerse yourself in the night sounds of the rainforest; watch the blinking fireflies float before you or search for luminescent fungi. Quietly move through the forest looking for animals that hide during the day but emerge in the darkness which protects them from being seen by predators. Be amazed by the thousands of insects of amazing shapes and colour, from miniature to enormous, that are attracted to the lights.

A Mulu World Heritage Guide helps you understand this mysterious world guiding you along the 1.5km plank-walk which meanders through kerangas forest with Borneo's famous pitcher plants, riverine, swamp and limestone vegetation.

If it is raining, departure will be delayed up to 30 minutes before the tour is cancelled by the World Heritage Guide and a refund will be arranged the next day.

Return transfers from Mulu Marriott Resort to Mulu National Park HQ

Fastlane

DURATION:

3 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

2:00 pm

Tour Program

A short boat ride, a 500 metre walk through the rainforest and a climb up the steps to the cave entrance brings you to the beginning of your 1.5km underground adventure. Tours to this caves are led by World Heritage Guides.

This tour is unlike any other offered in Mulu. The group is limited to 12 persons and as the only ones in the cave you can fully enjoy the story of the cave's origins.

The tour begins by torchlight encouraging you to 'discover' for yourself. Cave fauna is easily seen at the beginning of this trip; twinkling spider eyes stare back at you, beautiful blue Racer snakes sit waiting to catch a bat flying by, white crabs feed blindly in the shallow pools of water and the long antennae of cave crickets pickup your movements as you pass by.

As the cave becomes larger some of the best formations in Mulu are presented to you via stunning lighting. The wide plank walk path allows you to look around you and thoroughly enjoy this amazing experience.

Lagang Cave

Adventure Caving ( Intermediate level )

DURATION:

4 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

1:00 pm

Tour Program

Minimum age is 12 years old.

This is a beautiful cave with many stalactites, stalagmites and wonderful examples of cave sediments. Equipped with helmets and torches you scramble over boulders and along ancient riverbeds. Experience the thrill of seeing this underground world by torchlight and the anticipation of what is around the next dark corner.

There is no climbing in this cave which makes this is a great adventure, ideal for family groups.

Return transfers from Mulu Marriott Resort to Mulu National Park HQ

nd the long antennae of cave crickets pickup your movements as you pass by.

 

As the cave becomes larger some of the best formations in Mulu are presented to you via stunning lighting. The wide plank walk path allows you to look around you and thoroughly enjoy this amazing experience.

Racer Cave

Adventure Caving ( Intermediate level )

DURATION:

4 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

1:00 pm

Tour Program

Minimum age is 12 years old.

Your Guide leads you through the cave climbing up and down the passageways with the aid of ropes. This cave requires some upper body strength but most people are successful. Enjoy the great feeling that comes with discovering your abilities and meeting a physical challenge. Animal life in this dark place will amaze you; see insects that have evolved with curious shapes, replacing vision with long feelers to navigate in this underground world and Racer Snakes that have learned how to catch a meal as it flies past.

And the long antennae of cave crickets pickup your movements as you pass by.

 

As the cave becomes larger some of the best formations in Mulu are presented to you via stunning lighting. The wide plank walk path allows you to look around you and thoroughly enjoy this amazing experience.

Clearwater Revival

Adventure Caving ( Intermediate level )

DURATION:

5 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

10:00 am

Tour Program

Minimum age is 12 years old.

Clearwater River Revival Tour will take you on a journey through the ancient underground river into areas only our most advanced cavers usually experience. By entering and exiting the system through the boardwalks of Clearwater Cave this tour is suitable for intermediate cavers with confidence in water and rock climbing.

The adventure begins when you step off the show cave boardwalk and into the cool, clear waters that have been carving out the expansive 200km of passages in the Clearwater system for over 2 million years. Depending on the water levels you will wade, swim and climb to the far reaches of Clearwater Cave and return via the same passage.

Packaged with a longboat ride and picnic lunch.

• Please note that this tour is weather dependant as high river levels prevent access into the river systems of Clearwater Cave.

REQUIREMENT FOR THE TRIP :SWIMMING ABILITY, REASONABLE LEVEL OF FITNESS, CLOSED IN SHOES, WATERPROOF CAMERA OR DRYBAG IS NECESSARY FOR THIS TOUR. YOU WILL GET WET!

Garden of Eden Valley Walk

( Intermediate level )

DURATION:

4 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

9:30 am

Tour Program

This tour is not suitable for children below 12 years old.

You will be venturing deep into this ancient enclosed valley which can only be entered via Deer Cave. You will get muddy so bring old clothes, good walking shoes and extra pair of socks to get across the slippery rocks.

From the Garden of Eden pool described above, climb, walk and swim up the Eden River to the walking trails that wind around the valley through a series of waterfalls and rock pools ideal for swimming. This secluded valley receives few visitors and is an ideal place for a picnic lunch, photography, exploring and enjoying the peace. After exiting Deer Cave your Guide will show you Langs Cave then leave you at the Bat Observatory.

While waiting for the Bat Exodus enjoying afternoon tea. You return to Park HQ at your leisure along the Rainforest Discovery Walk.

Picnic Lunch and afternoon tea is included.

No additional charge for Deer and Langs Cave tours when combined with the walk.

(NO SANDALS allowed, rubber shoes with good non slip soles can be purchased from the Park Shop- if available).

Heavy rainfall in the area may mean cancellation of this tour at short notice.

Long Iman Riverwalk

DURATION:

4 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

9:00 am

Tour Program

The tour travels down the Melinau River before entering the larger Tutoh River and travelling upstream to Long Iman, a Penan settlement where you will be greeted by a local guide. Here you will have the opportunity to wander through the longhouse, their medicinal garden and purchase local handicrafts direct from the community.

This is a beautifully secluded place, untouched by people and development and a privilege to visit. We remind any of our visitors how important it is that they respect this and help in its protection by being responsible visitors.

When you're ready to take the 40 minute walk out the Ba'Desai Waterfall along a local trail, your Long Iman guide will show you the way. Arriving at this oasis in the wilderness will not disappoint and it's is a great spot to enjoy your picnic lunch, immerse yourself in the tranquil surrounds of nature and cool off in the refreshing pools of Ba'Desai.

Spend as much time as you like splashing and swimming in its waters or sit under the small water falls that make natural spa pools.

Long Langsat Riverwalk

DURATION:

3.5 Hours

DEPARTURE TIME:

9:00 am

Tour Program

If you would like to see more of the park and its surrounds, it is possible to combine a boat ride with a cool walk up a rainforest stream. A popular choice is to travel from the park headquarters by boat to the Langsat River where the boat can be beached and you can trek up the river, wading in its cool, clear water.

The tour travels down the Melinau River before entering the larger Tutoh River and travelling upstream past Long Iman, a Penan settlement, before entering the much smaller Langsat River, which flows from the park. Once on the Langsat River, you can enjoy a leisurely trek upstream, experiencing the forest and doing some bird watching. Spend as much time as you like splashing and swimming in its waters or sit under the small water falls that make natural spa pools.

A stop at Long Iman on the way there or back is worthwhile as the community has a small market that sells local handicrafts.

This is a beautifully secluded place, untouched by people and development and a privilege to visit. We remind any of our visitors how important it is that they respect this and help in its protection by being responsible visitors.

Most of the boat operators are Penan and do not speak English – so if you think this would be a problem you should hire a World Heritage Guide to accompany you.

 

 

Niah Cave National Park

Gua Niah or Niah Cave is popular due to its discovery of 40,000 year old human remains which points out that Niah Cave was once the main centre of human settlement during that time. One can encounter paintings during the Palaeolithic and Neolithic burial sites and iron-age cave paintings, all together with death-ships or boat-shaped coffins. However its contents were moved to Sarawak Museum.

Gua Niah National park offers jungle walks, iban longhouse homestay and cave experiences.

Before exploring the cave, one must remember to bring flashlight and walking shoes as it is dark and slippery within the cavern. If one were to walk out during sunset, he might sight two intermingling black clouds of either swiftlets going back to their nests or bats moving out to forage the forest. One can also enjoy staying in Niah Cave as it is pleasant to live in by staying in an Iban Longhouse.


Lambir Hills National Park

Lambir Hills National Park is probably the world’s most complex and diverse forest eco-system. In a total area of just 6,952 hectares, experts have found what appears to be the greatest level of plant biodiversity on the planet. It is not only plant life that is diverse and plentiful at Lambir - 237 different species of birds (at the last count), flying squirrels, wild pigs, gibbons, many different types of monkey, various species of deer, and untold insects and other invertebrates, all combine to create Lambir’s rich biological kaleidoscope.

As if all this abundant nature wasn’t enough, Lambir’s unusual geology has created dozens of sparkling waterfalls and bathing pools scattered about the rainforest. Take into account how compact and conveniently located Lambir is, and you have one of the most accessible and enjoyable national parks in all of Malaysia.

Lambir’s major attraction for visitors is its interesting selection of forest walks, from a gentle 15-minute stroll to an arduous all-day jungle trek. Most of Lambir’s trails are interlinked, so it is very easy to do quite a few in a day.

Shopping Malls in Miri

Tired of all the hiking and jungle trekking? Enjoy Miri's shopping mall. Miri’s shopping malls are interconnected to hotels so one would not tire themselves by looking far for a place to go shopping. Opening hours are from 10:00AM to 10:00PM


Bintang Megamall (Locals call it "Parkson")

Address: Bintang Plaza Sdn Bhd, Jalan Miri-Pujut MCLD, 98000, Miri, Sarawak, 98000, Malaysia

Permaisuri Mall and Imperial Mall (Interconnected)

Address: Jalan Merpati, 98000 Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia

Boulevard Hypermarket

Address: 

Kuching

The most populous city in Sarawak and located at the banks of the Sarawak River on the Northwestern Region of the Island of Borneo, or the Southwestern tip of the Sarawak State. The Name Kuching is derived from the Malay word for Cat. So technically, it is the City of Cats. Kuching is a major food destination for tourists and the main gateway for travelers alike when visiting Sarawak and Borneo. The city population (North and South) consists of Malays (146,580), Chinese (120,860), Iban (28,691), Bidayuh (13,681), Non-Malaysian citizens (7,216), other Bumiputras (3,250), Melanau (2,078), Indian (1,626) and others (1,140).

Here, the languages used by the locals are Bahasa Sarawak(which is also a dialect of Malays) and Chinese (Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka). However, most of the residents are able to speak English. They have 5 districts which is Kuching itself, Padawan, Bau, Lundu, and Sematan.

Kuching also have plenty of delicacies such as the famous Sarawak Laksa which is a must try and most recommended and it can be found at Chong Choon Cafe.

Kuching has recreational attractions such as Bako National Park, Mount Santubong, Semmengoh Natural Reserve, Damai Beach and Gunung Gading.

Bako National Park

Entrance to Bako National Park

This is the oldest National park in Sarawak and also the smallest. It features different typeso f biomes, abundant wildlife, jungle streams, waterfalls, secluded beach, and tracking trails.In addition, various beaches are accessible by boat from Kampung Bako or Teluk Assam, as well as a geologically interesting sea stack rock formation.

With its rainforest, abundant wildlife, jungle streams, waterfalls, interesting plant life, secluded beaches, panoramic rocky shoreline, bizarre rock formations and extensive network of trekking trails, Bako National Park offers visitors an excellent introduction to the rainforest and coastline of Borneo. There can be very few places in the world that pack so much natural beauty into such a limited area, all just 37 km from Kuching. Its accessibility - and its sheer range of attractions and activities - have made Bako one of the most popular parks in Sarawak.

This place is where one want to explore and enjoy a stroll through a tropical rainforest. With ecosystems and wildlife so diverse, it's hard not to enjoy its scenery.

  • Contains almost every type of plant life in Borneo
  • (25 distinct types of vegetation from 7 types of ecosystem such as beach vegetation, cliff vegetation, kerangas/health forest, mangrove forest, mixed dipterocarp forest, padang/grassland vegetation and peat swamps)
  • Contains unusual plant life such as pitcher plants, sundews, bladderworts and so on.
  • Home to approximately 150 endangered proboscus monkeys
  • Other animals include the long-tailed macaque, silvered langur, plantain squirrel, Bornean bearded pig, monitor lizards, and otters.
  • Also home to a number of lizards and snakes, most of which are harmless.
  • Bako is a fascinating place for bird watching, with over 150 species recorded.
  • Bako's nocturnal creatures include the colugo, pangolin, mousedeer, various species of fruit-eating and insect-eating bats, tarsier, slow loris and palm civet.

Bako National Park Map

Proboscis Monkey in Bako

Sea stack rock formation

Mount Santubong

View of Mount Santubong from afar

Mount Santubong (Gunung Santubong) is a mountain within a state of Sarawak and is located North of the Capital City Kuching. The hike distance is approximately 3.5km to summit, but climbing 800 m - some of it straight up!Full day trip. Approx 3-4 hours to the Summit; 2.5-3 to return, depending on route (total 5-7 hours).

Mount Santubong are for those who have the knack of adventure and hiking altogether with enjoying the perception of beauty within nature. This place is recommended to them.

Before hiking this mountain it is better to take special consideration that the trail can be slippery and potentially dangerous when wet, and there would be no views in bad weather anyway. From time to time the bridges and boardwalks may be damaged by falling trees, and it may be necessary to skirt them. Conservative common sense will tell you what to do. Parts of this trek also require a tolerance for heights.


No running water is available after the start of Section 2, and all water should be treated before drinking. The walk is best done when weather is clear; haze from bushfires may prevent views in July to September. No permits are required for this trek, as Gunung Santubong is not a national park. The trails are very obvious, but guides can be hired from the Damai Holiday Inn resorts if desired.

All in all it is a refreshing walk through the mountain and enjoy the beautiful scenery at the summit. It is also recommended to start in early in the morning.

Mount Santubong Hike Route

Mount Santubong view from village.

Semenggoh Natural Reserves

Semenggoh Natural Reserves signboard.

Semenggoh Natural Reserves is located 24 km south of Kuching and was established to take care of animals that were found injured in the forest, orphaned, or were previously kept as illegal pets.And is currently caring for around 1000 endangered mammals, birds and reptiles of different species.

This place homes the famous Orang Utans, the orang utan is an endangered species and is totally protected by law in Malaysia, Indonesia and internationally. Today, there are an estimated 20-27,000 orang utan left in the wild (perhaps 20,000 or so in Borneo and the rest in Sumatra). To gain a better understanding of the orang utan and re-introduce rescued animals into the wild, both the Indonesian and Malaysian authorities have set up rehabilitation programmes. Sarawak’s centre at Semenggoh is open to the public so visitors can find out more about these highly intelligent creatures of the rainforest.

On occasions, the orang utan may descend from the trees near the Centre HQ and approach visitors. Although this is likely to be an unforgettable experience, visitors should bear in mind that the orang utan, however tame they may appear, are still wild, powerful and potentially dangerous animals. The Centre is also part of a Totally Protected Area. Therefore the following rules & regulations must be observed when visiting the centre.

  • Do not hold, feed, touch, play with or in any way disturb the orang utan, and always move at least six metres away from an animal that is on the ground. There are three very good reasons for this. Firstly, the animals may become too attached to humans, making it harder for them to survive in the wild. Secondly humans are able to communicate certain diseases to orang utan, and vice-versa. By eliminating contact the possibility of disease transfer is reduced. Thirdly, an orang utan may feel threatened and attempt to attack you – some of the Semenggoh wardens carry ugly scars from protecting thoughtless visitors from injury.
  • Do not bring any food or drinks into the Centre. The orang utan and other animals at the centre already receive a balanced diet, and the smell of food may encourage an animal to approach too closely.
  • Do not smoke in the feeding area or any other part of the Forest Reserve.
  • Do follow the warden’s instructions and advice at all times.
  • Do not collect, or pick plants or animals in Semenggoh Nature Reserve, or in any other Totally Protected Area.
  • Do not litter. Please use the litter bins provided.

 

Orang Utan in Semenggoh Natural Reserves

Tourist taking pictures of Orang Utans.

Taman Negara Gunung Gading (Mount Gading National Park)

Entrance to Taman Negara Gunung Gading

It is located West of Kuching city. And near a town called Lundu. Gunung Gading National Park has a very special star attraction, which is the world's largests flower - The Rafflesia. One can say that this is the best place to watch the Rafflesia's spectacular bloom.

Gunung Gading was gazetted as a park in 1st August 1983 primarily to provide a conservation zone for the protection of the Rafflesia. It was opened to the public in 1994 and visitors can now view one of the most spectacular plants found on the planet. The park is easily accessible from Kuching on a day trip. Those wishing to stay longer can enjoy Gunung Gading’s other attractions - particularly its rainforest scenery, waterfalls and jungle trails. Some of these trails lead to the peaks of the mountains that make up the park and offer challenging jungle treks. The Rafflesia is a rare flower with a short flowering period. Therefore a certain amount of luck is required if your visit to Sarawak is to coincide with a Rafflesia in full bloom. Although Rafflesia have no set flowering season, blooms are more common at Gunung Gading during the wetter months (November to February). They are also more common on the lower slopes of the park’s mountain peaks.

Gunung Gading is home to a range of animals including civet cats, wild boar, small deer, porcupines, monkeys and giant squirrels. However, as the Park is surrounded by villages, most of the wildlife stays deep in the jungle, on the upper slopes of the park’s mountains, and therefore Gunung Gading is not an easy place for spotting wild animals. Visitors who opt for a summit trek are more likely to see some of the park’s wildlife.

Rafflesia Arnoldii

Shopping in Kuching

After all that travel, one would want to bring back a souvenir or two or just want to go on a shopping spree in the best malls in Kuching.

tHe Spring

Address: Jalan Simpang Tiga, 93300 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

Opening hours: 10:00am - 10:00pm

Vivacity Megamall

Address: Ground Floor, Jalan Wan Alwi, 93350 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

Opening hours: 10:00am - 10:00pm

City One Megamall

Address: T20, Mall 2 City One Megamall, 1, Jalan Song, 93350 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

Opening hours: 10:00am - 10:00pm

Other Shopping Malls

 

Plaza Merdeka

Address: L4-68, Plaza Merdeka, Jalan 88 Pearl Street, 93000 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

 

Boulevard

Address:  Boulevard Shopping Mall, Jalan Datuk Tawi Sli, 93250 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

 

The Summer Shopping Mall

Address: Jalan Datuk Mohammad Musa, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia

 

Hills Shopping Mall

Address:  No. 8, Jalan Bukit Mata Kuching, Interhill Place, 93100 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia


Sabah

Welcome to Sabah, where you either hike and mountaineer the highest mountain in Malaysia or dive into the sea and observe underwater sea life. It is situated on the Northeastern type of Borneo and is bordered near Sarawak and Indonesia. Sabah or the "Land Below the Wind" is a melting pot for tourism due to the popularity of Mount Kinabalu.

Sabah has a total population of 3,543,500, being the third most populous state in Malaysia and have the highest non-citizens population at 870,400. The three largest indigenous group in Sabah are the Kadazan-Dusun, Bajau and Murut, followed by the Bruneian Malays, Suluk and other indigenous,while the Chinese makes up the main non-indigenous population.

Sabah is divided into 5 divisions each with their own districts and they are

  1. West Coast
    • Kota Kinabalu
    • Kota Belud
    • Papar
    • Penampang
    • Putatan
    • Ranau
    • Tuaran
  2. Interior
    • Beaufort
    • Nabawan
    • Keningau
    • Kuala Penyu
    • Sipitang
    • Tambunan
    • Tenom
  3. Kudat
    • Kota Marudu
    • Kudat
    • Pitas
  4. Sandakan
    • Beluran
    • Kinabatangan
    • Sandakan
    • Tongod
  5. Tawau
    • Tawau
    • Kunak
    • Lahad Datu
    • Semporna

Here we shall be talking about attractions rather than the districts as that is for you to find out which is all part of travelling. We shall start with the main attraction Mount Kinabalu.


Mount Kinabalu

 

Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It is located in the East Malaysian state of Sabah and is protected as Kinabalu Park, a World Heritage Site. Kinabalu is the highest peak in Borneo's Crocker Range and is the highest mountain in the Malay Archipelago as well as the highest mountain in Malaysia. Mount Kinabalu is also the 20th most prominent mountain in the world by topographic prominence.

Mount Kinabalu along with other upland areas of the Crocker Range is known worldwide for its botanical and biological species biodiversity with plants of Himalayan, Australasian, and Indomalayan origin. A recent botanical survey of the mountain estimated a staggering 5,000 to 6,000 plant species (excluding mosses and liverworts but including ferns), which is more than all of Europe and North America (excluding tropical regions of Mexico) combined. It is therefore one of the world's most important biological sites.

There are two stories that led to the main beliefs in the origin of the mountain's name.
The first derivation of the word Kinabalu is extracted from the short form for the Kadazan Dusun word 'Aki Nabalu', meaning "the revered place of the dead".
The second source states that the name "Kinabalu" actually means "Cina Balu" (which would fully mean "A Chinese Widow"). Due to the lingual influence among the Kadazan Dusun of Sabah, the pronunciation for the word "cina" (chee-na) was changed to "Kina" (kee-na).


It was told that a Chinese prince, was cast away to Borneo when his ship sank in the middle of the South China Sea. He was subsequently rescued by the natives from a nearby village. As he recovered, he was slowly accepted as one of the people of the village. Eventually, he fell in love with a local woman, and married her. Years went by, and he started to feel homesick. So he asked permission from his newly found family to go back to China to visit his parents (the Emperor and Empress of China). To his wife, he promised that as soon as he was done with his family duties in China, he would come back to Borneo to take her and their children back to China.


When he made his return to China, he was given a grand welcome by his family. However, to his dismay, his parents disagreed with him about taking his Bornean wife back to China. Worse, they told him that he was already betrothed to a princess of a neighbouring kingdom. Having no choice (due to high respect towards his parents), he obeyed with a heavy heart.


Meanwhile, back in Borneo, his wife grew more and more anxious. Eventually, she decided that she would wait for her husband's ship. However, since the village was situated far away from the coast, she couldn't afford to come to the shore and wait for him daily. Instead she decided to climb to the top of the highest mountain near her village, so that she could have a better view of the ships sailing in the South China Sea. Thus, she was then seen climbing up the mountain at every sunrise, returning only at night to attend to her growing children.
Eventually her efforts took their toll. She fell ill, and died at the top of the cold mountain while waiting for her husband. The spirit of the mountain, having observed her for years, was extremely touched by her loyalty towards her husband. Out of admiration for this woman, the spirit of the mountain turned her into a stone. Her face was made to face the South China Sea, so that she could wait forever for her dear husband's return.
The people in her hometown who heard about this were also gravely touched by this. Thus, they decided to name the mountain "Kinabalu" in remembrance of her. To them, the mountain is a symbol of the everlasting love and loyalty that should be taken as a good example by women.
Local legend among the people of Ranau, a district in Sabah, has it that St. John's Peak was the stone which her body was turned into.

 

 

Sepilok Orang-Utan Sanctuary

Sepilok is a famous Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre and the best place to see Orang Utan if you are in Sabah.

The centre attracts tourists and researches alike, giving them the opportunity to watch the orang utan up close in their natural habitat. A boardwalk which leads to a viewing gallery and feeding platform where the apes are fed milk and bananas twice a day at 10am and 3pm by rangers. Feeding time also attracts long-tailed macaques to the area.

Kinabatangan River Basin

The Kinabatangan River (Malay: Sungai Kinabatangan) is a river in Sabah, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It is the second longest river in Malaysia, with a length of 560 kilometres from its headwaters in the mountains of southwest Sabah, to its outlet at the Sulu Sea, east of Sandakan.
Kinabatangan is known for its remarkable wildlife and fascinating habitats such as limestone caves at Gomantong hill, dryland dipterocarp forests, riverine forest, freshwater swamp forest, oxbow lakes and salty mangrove swamps near the coast.

Danum Valley

  • With its canopy walk, great trekking and a  wide variety of flora and fauna

Sipadan Island

  • For  some of the finest diving to be found  anywhere on the planet.

 

 

Mabul

  • The island is covered in palm trees and fringed with fine beaches. It is a famous diving spot for divers, both international and local alike, and is well known as the macro diving paradise.

Brunei

Brunei is a neighbouring country to Malaysia and Sarawak and is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei's population was 408,786 in July 2012. One can come here through Miri by land.

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Testimonials

Annyeonghaseyo, 1st Korea language that i been learn when im travel to Korea. I'm very interested in Korean culture trasional like clothing, dances and village made ​​me feel very calm. I  also have been eat a lot of delicious Korean food like kimchi, Grain Dishes, kimbap and more. Go and try travel to Korea, annyeong

Romeela Afisiolas 31. Mar, 2013

we are very satisfied with the packages to china from twtmiri, we have brought to many interesting places in china

Micheal Shaun May. 30th, 2014

before proceeding to leave the Mulu Cave. Back to the resort, relax and sit a while at Mulu people home.    

LEE JIA MEI 12. APR, 2014

After lunch we proceed to Park HQ  for a visit to Deer and Lang’s Cave. Before we move, we checked all the requirement for the trip because, we trekked along the plant walk ( 3 km) through the rainforest and explore trek Deer and Lang' Cave. There we feel natural green life air, flora and fauna beauty and observatory for the phenomenon of BATS flying out of the cave.

Chrisie UK 6. JUN, 2014

Taook a photo before swimming at clear water Mulu. Water is very cool and clear, make my whole body feel fresh. Mulu is a nice place with many flora and fauna and it looks green and natural.

Aloria Glaccy 19. JAN, 2014

I heard that if you wanted to see monkeys or the hornbills, best time would be the 7am tour. Because my son was too naughty playing on the trip until there at 8.30am and there was no animals or birds - however the main attraction for this are actually the lovely trees. The walk to the skywalk is all on boardwalk. No torches are needed, but i recommend that you wear sneakers/shoes and not hiking boots or sandals. You need a good footing on these bridges.

Suzuki Yuri 16. FEB, 2014

Tahun ini kami sekeluarga telah memilih Gunung Mulu yang terletak di Sarawak. Kami telah memilih package 3D2N dari TWTMIRI. Kami sekeluarga sangat gembira dan segar dengan keindahan flora dan fauna Mulu walaupun ada berasa sedikit keletihan. Sangat berterima kasih TWTMIRI kerana menyediakan package yang sangat baik dan harga yang berpatutan. Thank you.

Siti Wahidah 19. May, 2014

Finally, our adventure trip 3D2N  Mulu Caves at Mulu National park finish on day 2. In our trip, we was observe million of bats out of cave, using the boat made by the Mulu people and swim at clear water spring. We feel tied during the trip, but tied was disappear when we start getting closer to the finish trip. This is a photo with great smile before we leave the cave. 

Lavenda Yong 23. Aug, 2014

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